Health Is Wealth ….. that’s what has been in the priority list for everyone ….. Until this syndrome was found :
The syndrome name derives from Baron Münchhausen (Karl Friedrich Hieronymus Freiherr von Münchhausen, 1720–1797), a German nobleman, who purportedly told many fantastic and impossible stories about himself, which Rudolf Raspe later published as The Surprising Adventures of Baron Münchhausen.
In 1951, Richard Asher was the first to describe a pattern of self-harm, where individuals fabricated histories, signs, and symptoms of illness. Remembering Baron Münchhausen, Asher named this condition Münchausen’s Syndrome in his article in The Lancet in February 1951.
->What occurs in people with this syndrome ???
One of the most befuddling mental illnesses is known as Munchausen Syndrome. This condition causes patients to fake sickness. The primary desire for their faking is to attract attention and adoration by their family, peers, and community. Sadly, it often works until the patient is found to have no other medical conditions besides the mental illness. Most individuals that have Munchausen Syndrome go from doctor to doctor in search of a cure for fake symptoms and fake illnesses that are not in existence. If the person lives alone he or she may be able to easily lie to relatives about their condition.
Another type of this syndrome is called Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy. This condition causes an adult to hurt another individual they are close to in order to gain attention.In modern times another condition, known as Munchausen by Internet, is when a patient feigns sickness or disease through web forums. This person may even go as far as developing web pages testifying their illness. In many cases they set up a donation system to receive money to pay for medical bills and treatments for a cure. In reality they are perfectly fine and only want money to spend on other things. These people will post images of themselves looking sick, and may go as far as to use make up to look even more ill. There are a few cases of this happening in recent years, and many more individuals are likely suffering from “Munchausen by Internet Syndrome.” These people are often known as scam artists and seek to get donations from unsuspecting people. It is very important to avoid “sick” or “ill” individuals with pity stories unless you personally know them.
-> The difference between Hypochondria & Munchausen syndrome ??
Hypochondria and Munchausen Syndrome are very distinct in symptoms and patient behavior. An individual with hypochondria will truly believe with all of their heart and soul that they are sick. Ironically enough, believing that you are sick long enough will actually bring on illness. An individual that has Munchausen Syndrome lies on purpose about their condition, but they cannot control themselves easily while doing so. To an outsider it is difficult to notice the differences in these. The only way to really know if they are really ill is to have a doctor positively confirm their illness.
-> Risks & dangerous of this syndrome
Individuals with this condition are at a risk to themselves and others around them. Sometimes pathological liars may go as far as murder to get rid of any evidence against them or to prevent people from finding out the truth. Munchausen Syndrome is a serious condition and patients may begin purposefully hurting themselves to further prove that they are truly sick and ill. People that go this far may throw themselves out of moving cars, out of windows, or perform dangerous stunts to break a bone or damage an organ. In some cases women are known to purposefully get pregnant and then induce a miscarriage to receive sympathy and pity.
-> Treatment is crucial
Individuals that have this mental disorder must first be willing to seek treatment and accept the help that is being offered. They may try to fool the doctor into believing a real illness is occurring. In some cases a clever individual may actually be able to fool a psychiatrist. These types of people are usually very dangerous.It is important for a psychiatrist to fully examine every aspect of the person and to carefully dissect their personality and behaviors. A misdiagnosis can be risky and harmful to the person. Patients that do not wish to be treated cannot be forcibly treated. If the patient is a risk to himself then it is legal for the doctor to demand hospitalization to protect the interests of the person and his peers. Those who do end up going untreated may try and be in hiding or only try to affect certain people for attention which may make it possible for the condition to go undiagnosed for a long period of time.